Mahatma Gandhi Biography | The Man Who Inspired a Nation

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Last Updated on 4 May 2024 by Biographybliss Team

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi or Bapu, was a prominent leader in India’s struggle for independence from British rule. Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, Gandhi’s life journey was marked by his unwavering commitment to nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience as powerful tools for social and political change.

Early Life and Education

Gandhi was born into a devout Hindu family to parents Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai. Growing up in a middle-class household, he was deeply influenced by the Jain principles of non-violence (ahimsa) and vegetarianism. In 1888, Gandhi traveled to London to study law and became a barrister.

Experiences in South Africa

Gandhi’s activism began during his time in South Africa, where he faced racial discrimination firsthand. He emerged as a leader in the Indian community, advocating for civil rights and challenging the oppressive laws through nonviolent resistance. His experiences in South Africa shaped his ideology and methods of peaceful protest.

Return to India

In 1915, Gandhi returned to India and soon became involved in the Indian independence movement. He popularized the concept of Satyagraha (truth force) and Ahimsa (nonviolence) as effective means of resistance against British colonial rule. Gandhi’s leadership during various protests and campaigns, such as the Salt March and Quit India Movement, galvanized millions of Indians in their struggle for freedom.

Role in India’s Independence

Gandhi’s philosophy of nonviolence inspired mass movements across India, uniting people of diverse backgrounds in a common cause. He emphasized the importance of self-reliance (swaraj) and sought to eradicate social evils such as untouchability and poverty. Despite facing imprisonment multiple times, Gandhi’s commitment to peaceful protest remained steadfast.

Legacy and Impact

Mahatma Gandhi’s influence extended far beyond India’s borders, inspiring civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela. His dedication to truth and nonviolence continues to resonate globally as a potent force for social justice and human rights. Gandhi’s vision of a harmonious society based on tolerance and compassion remains a guiding light for millions around the world.

Assassination and Enduring Legacy

Tragically, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on January 30, 1948, by a Hindu nationalist who opposed his efforts towards interfaith harmony. Despite his death, Gandhi’s legacy endures as a symbol of peace, justice, and the transformative power of nonviolent resistance. His birthday, October 2nd, is celebrated worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence in honor of his enduring contributions to humanity.

Mahatma Gandhi’s life and teachings continue to inspire generations, reminding us of the profound impact that one individual’s unwavering commitment to truth and justice can have on the world. He remains a towering figure in the annals of history, revered as the ‘Father of the Nation’ in India and a beacon of hope for those striving for a more just and peaceful world.


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